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ET23SWE0074 - Plug-in 120V HPWH Measure Package Updates to eTRM

Project Name
Plug-in 120V HPWH Measure Package Updates to eTRM
Project Number
Funding Entity
Market Sector
TPM Category Priority 1
TPM Technology Family Type 1
Heat Pump Market Development
Distribution Report
Project Description

The proposed idea is to provide recommendations for updates around adding plug-in 120-volt heat pump water heaters (HPWHs) for inclusion into existing residential HPWH related eTRM measure packages.  

The 120-volt HPWHs are market-ready and proven to be important new offerings. It is estimated that 90% of water heating replacements occur on an emergency basis. Without easy, fast and affordable replacement solution homeowners are likely to opt for replacement with gas/propane water heaters. The low-power design can plug into existing wall outlets without expensive electrical panel upgrades and/or home rewiring often required for gas WH replacements. The recent California-wide field study observed an average monthly energy consumption savings of approximately 85% in comparison to the pre-existing gas/propane water heater when normalized to kWh. The new electrification measure will allow space and power constraints households to decarbonize and help CA meet its’ 6 million heat pump installation goal. 

The current HPWH e-TRMs have UEF requirements for eligibility. Since the 120-volt HPWH has a smaller compressor size, the UEF for majority of the tank sizes are lower than the eligibility criteria. However, since they do not have inefficient electric resistance element on them (or have smaller size element), they are expected to save more energy. The primary goal of this project is to research and document ways to reduce UEF cap requirements or add additional savings for this new class of solution.  

The research questions are: 

1. What are the current residential HPWH TRM requirements for eligible HPWHs? Do the different 120-volt products meet the requirements?  

2. What are the current minimum code requirements for UEFs?  

3. Can the current UEF requirements for 120-volt HPWHs be reduced, or can additional savings be achieved by updating the Energy Plus calculator?  

4. Can caps for product types, building types, market sectors be added?  

The project team will also document and installation first costs and look at technical feasibility and practical considerations of the technology.